On September 29, Britain and France reached an agreement with Hitler at a conference in Munich. Neville Chamberlain (Britain) and Edward Daladier (France) agreed with most of Hitler`s demands, effectively letting Czechoslovakia consent or fight against Germany. Czechoslovakia gave in to Hitler`s demands. Six months later (March 1939), Hitler broke all his promises and seized the rest of Czechoslovakia. During World War II, British Prime Minister Churchill, who rejected the agreement when it was signed, decided that the terms of the agreement would not be respected after the war and that the Sudetenland territories should be returned to post-war Czechoslovakia. The 5. In August 1942, Foreign Minister Anthony Eden sent the following note to Jan Masaryk: [silent] An agreement signed at the Munich Conference of September 1938 ceded the German-speaking Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia to Germany. The agreement was concluded between Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France. Czechoslovakia was not allowed to participate in the conference. In March 1939, six months after the munich accords were signed, Hitler violated the agreement and destroyed the Czech state. UCLA Film and Television Archive When Chamberlain returned from Munich, he told an excited crowd at Heston Airport, “This is peace for our time” and waved the deal he had signed with Hitler.
This was the culmination of the policy of appeasement. Six months later, Hitler broke his promises and ordered his armies to invade Prague. In less than a year, Britain and France were at war with Germany. The American historian William L. Shirer, in his article The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (1960), argued that Czechoslovakia, without bluffing over its intention to invade, could have offered considerable resistance. Shirer believed that Britain and France had enough air defenses to avoid a serious bombing of London and Paris, and could have waged a quick and successful war against Germany.  He quotes Churchill as saying that the deal means that “Britain and France were in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany.”  After Hitler personally inspected the Czech fortifications, he privately told Joseph Goebbels that “we had shed a lot of blood” and that he was glad there was no fighting.  In the late 1930s, storm clouds gathered over Europe. The main reason was the actions of German leader Adolf Hitler. He made it clear that his long-term goal was to attack the USSR and destroy communism. But in the short term, it has raised concerns in Western and Central Europe.
In 1938, he had violated the terms of the Treaty of Versailles by rebuilding German forces and taking control of Austria. In September 1938, he threatened to go to war with Czechoslovakia if the Czechs refused to hand over parts of their country to Germany. Britain and France had treaties with Czechoslovakia, so if there was a war, they would be dragged into it. The agreement was widely welcomed. French Prime Minister Daladier did not believe, as one scholar put it, that a European war was justified “to keep three million Germans under Czech sovereignty.” But the same argument applies to Alsace-Lorraine – unlike the alliance between France and Czechoslovakia against German aggression. Gallup polls in Britain, France and the United States showed that the majority of people supported the deal. President Beneš was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1939.  In the meantime, the UK government has asked Beneš to ask for a mediator. As Beneš did not want to break his government`s relations with Western Europe, he reluctantly agreed. .