The 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement ended a 31/2-year war in which the Bosnian Muslim, Croat and Serb communities clashed. NATO first sent an implementation force (IFOR) of nearly 60,000 troops to Bosnia to enforce the military aspects of the Dayton Accords. Although IFOR successfully completed the military missions outlined in the Dayton Accords, the continued need for an external military presence to provide security in Bosnia led NATO to replace IFOR with a minor stabilization force (SFOR, initially with approximately 32,000 troops) in December 1996. NATO extended SFOR a second time in June 1998, this time without a deadline. Instead, NATO has outlined a number of benchmarks to measure progress towards self-sustaining peace in Bosnia. Regular audits of NATO-led SFOR operations have assessed an increasingly stable security situation and, over time, have led to a gradual downsizing of SFOR personnel. The UNITED COMMUNITIES In December 1995, the Security Council approved the initial MISSION of NATO IFOR, which succeeded SFOR a year later, and then renewed its authorization for SFOR operations on an annual basis.1 The NAC, in consultation with non-NATO countries, SFOR and SHAPE, reviews SFOR personnel and missions every six months. This periodic review is the basis on which NATO assesses future troop requirements and mission execution. On the 25th In view of the improvement in the security situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the North Atlantic Council (HDI) decided to establish a revised structure of the Stabilization Force (SFOR) between November 1999 and April 2000. This process continued by restructuring approximately 12,000 troops until early 2003. Under the new structure, SFOR continued to relocate its headquarters in the Sarajevo area (in 2000, from the suburb of Ilidza, Sarajevania, to the specially constructed Camp Butmir). Among these are three multinational brigades, each of which is commandoed by a brigadaire and contains different battle groups (BGs).
These GBs can be multinational and are essentially battalion intervention forces reinforced with their own organic capabilities. In addition, there are now dedicated tactical reserve forces that can intervene anywhere in the area of operation. These can in turn be supplemented by the Operational Reserve Force, composed mainly of over-The Horizon Forces, mainly stationed in Kosovo, and US helicopters. The EU originally planned to send an EU force to Macedonia in 2002, but had to postpone due to delays in concluding the Berlin Plus agreements. See also CRS report RL32342, NATO and the European Union, by [author name rubbed] and [author name rubbed]. For more information on the EU`s strength in Macedonia, see crS report RL32172, Macedonia (FYROM): Post-Conflict Situation and U.S. Policy, by [author name rubbed]. The Thessaloniki Declaration of June 2003 confirmed that the future of the Western Balkans lies in the EU. The Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) is the framework for the BIH`s European integration and entered into force on 1st The European Union takes a comprehensive approach within Bosnia and Herzegovina, focusing on defence and security, development and diplomacy. The EU is focusing on reforming institutions at state level and supporting Bosnia and Herzegovina for economic progress. EUFOR`s contribution to this comprehensive approach is to contribute to the achievement of the long-term political objective of a stable, viable, peaceful and multi-ethnic BIH, peaceful with its neighbours and irreversible on the road to EU membership.
The operation reinforces the EU`s comprehensive approach to the BIH and supports the progress made by the BIH towards EU integration through its own efforts. . . .