The rule: the promise of an executor or estate administrator to be personally liable for the guilt or other obligations of the deceased is analogous to security – it must be proved in writing if it is to be enforced against a remedy of the alleged debtor. For an agreement to be covered by law, there must be an obligation before the death of the deceased. Therefore, if the executor carries out a funeral and guarantees payment, the estate should not pay the fee, an oral contract is binding, since there was no prior obligation. However, if the deceased has made his own arrangements and signed a note obliging his estate to pay, the executor`s commitment to guarantee payment would only be binding if it is in writing. Rule: almost all contracts that involve an interest in real estate are subject to the status of fraud. `interest in land` means a detailed description, including the sale, pledging and leasing of real estate (including houses and buildings); the country`s profits; the creation of services; and the justification of other interests through restrictive agreements and user agreements. Short-term leases, usually for a period of one year or less, are excluded from the provision. Third, most contracts prescribed in writing can be cancelled orally. Indeed, the new treaty is treated as an amendment to the old contract, and since a total resignation does not usually trigger the remedy that the law requires to be written, the resignation takes effect in the absence of a signed memorandum. However, some agreements should not be annulled orally.
Those who, by their terms, exclude an oral lift are an obvious class. Under the PEA, certain agreements for the sale of goods cannot be cancelled orally, depending on the circumstances. For example, if the property has already passed to the buyer on the basis of a written agreement in accordance with the law, the contract can only be cancelled in writing. Land sales contracts are another category of agreements that cannot normally be cancelled orally. If ownership has already been transferred or if a significant change of position has occurred by relying on the contract, oral termination agreements are not enforceable. But a treaty that remains fully enforceable, although enforceable in writing, can be abrogated orally in most States. It is clear that there must be another agreement somewhere for A C to pay, but that is not in that promise. On the contrary, B makes an agreement with C which, by the way, is a guarantee for the promise made by A C. Sometimes the other deal somewhere for A, C, is actually in the same document as B`s promise to pay C if A doesn`t.
This does not make B`s promise a direct promise, unlike a guarantee promise. The exception: the exception of the test of possibility From the one-year rule of the status of fraud: if, at the time of its manufacture, a contract could have been executed in a year, no letter is required. The one-year rule of the law has generally been interpreted as a contract that cannot be fully complied with within one year; if there is any chance of fully performing the contract within one year, an oral contract is enforceable….