In January 2013, a senior Niger official told the Reuters news agency that Bisa Williams, then U.S. ambassador to Niger, had requested permission to set up a drone base during a meeting with Nigerian President Mahamadou Issoufou.  On 5 February, officials from Niger and the United States stated that the two countries had signed an agreement on the status of the armed forces authorizing the use of unarmed surveillance drones.   This month, U.S. President Barack Obama sent 150 military personnel to Niger to conduct a surveillance operation that would assist France in its counterterrorism efforts in northern Mexico.   In October 2015, Niger and the United States signed a military agreement requiring the two countries to “cooperate in the fight against terrorism.”  U.S. Army Special Forces personnel (commonly known as the Green Berets) were sent to train the Armed Forces of Niger (FAN) to help fight terrorists from neighbouring countries.  In October 2017, there are about 800 U.S. military personnel in Niger, most of whom are working to build a second drone base for U.S. and French aircraft in Agadez.   Construction of the base is expected to be completed in 2018, allowing the United States to conduct surveillance operations with the General Atomics MQ-9 Reaper to monitor ISIL insurgents flowing south and other extremists pouring north from the Sahel.
 But access for Nigerien soldiers and soldiers is currently limited, and everyone in Agadez simply calls it the American base. The government of Niger has not made this agreement public for the base, although an agreement on the status of the armed forces, with very favorable conditions for the United States – including unlimited access to the country`s telecommunications, no taxes or royalties for military or contractors, and full criminal responsibility for American soldiers, even in the event of death – is available online. Neither the agreement on the construction and use of the base nor the agreement on the status of the armed forces were discussed and approved by the Niger Parliament. This has led some experts in Niger to argue that the base, which is due to be finalised this year, is contrary to a provision of the Nigerian Constitution that requires that defence treaties be ratified by the legislature. The outcry over the leak of the defence cooperation agreement led Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo to deliver a televised address on the issue in April, although Ghana`s parliament has already ratified the agreement, despite protests and the withdrawal of minority MPs during the vote. “I have the clearest confirmation that Ghana has not offered a military base and will not offer a military base to the United States of America,” he said. Akufo-Addo noted that Ghana and the United States had previously secretly signed several defence agreements, but said that, unlike his predecessors, he had submitted the agreement to the ratification of the Ghanaian parliament. “The submission of this open control agreement now allows us to lift the unhealthy fog that has tarnished our relations with the United States of America,” he said. The only U.S. military base in Africa is Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti. The Pentagon first began using the base in 2002. Today, the U.S.
military is one of many forces vying for influence along the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden, and it is also fighting militants in Yemen and Somalia. But this statement was misleading by the nature of the Tongo Tongo mission, which was attended by a few dozen Nigerien and American soldiers. The objective of the mission was to catch or kill Cheffou in the Niger region with one of the highest concentrations of jihadist attacks. The summary of the Ministry of Defence report, available on its website, states that the mission is targeting “an important member of the IS-GS,” meaning Kochfou.